Enhancing Performance of Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) Based On Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) In Wireless Communication System
Aimi Nabilah Ismail1, Wan Zakiah Wan Ismail2, Nor Azlina Abd Aziz3, Nur Asyiqin Amir Hamzah4 and Irneza Ismail5
1Aimi Nabilah Ismail, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Nilai, Negeri Sembilan.
2Wan Zakiah Wan Ismail*, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Nilai, Negeri Sembilan.
3Nor Azlina Abd Aziz, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Multimedia University, Ayer Keroh, Melaka.
4Nur Asyiqin Amir Hamzah, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Multimedia University, Ayer Keroh, Melaka.
5Irneza Ismail, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Nilai, Negeri Sembilan.
Manuscript received on 5 August 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 11 August 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 September 2019. | PP: 2003-2008 | Volume-8 Issue-3 September 2019 | Retrieval Number: C4506098319/19©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.C4506.098319
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) is one of the multicarrier transmission techniques used in wireless communication system. It has many benefits such as robust in channel fading and has high spectral density. The main objective of OFDM implementation in wireless communication system is to achieve less or zero Bit Error Rate (BER). However, OFDM design complexity, requirement and selection of the suitable modulation method are among the current issues. Thus, this paper aims to investigate the performance of OFDM in wireless communication by developing two OFDM based system designs. The transmitter, channel and receiver are designed based on OFDM system principles. Forward Error Correction (FEC) method is applied to reduce the BER. Both OFDM designs produce less BER with zero BER for the second OFDM design. The investigation study shows that the performance of OFDM can be enhanced by applying Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) technique. Zero BER can be achieved if the suitable modulation scheme is applied in the system. The developed designs are not complex, suitable to be applied for IEEE 802.11 standard. The BER performance can be influenced by the types of channels, signal to noise ratio (SNR) and various modulation schemes. Thus, this study can be used as a guidance to implement the OFDM in the current or future wireless communication system.
Keywords: OFDM, Enhanced BER Performance, Various Modulation Schemes and Multipath Channels
Scope of the Article: Multimedia Communications