Exploring the use of Cactus and Neem Leaf Powder as an Alternative Coagulant in Treatment of Wastewater
Rubini S1, Balamurugan P2, Shunmugapriya.K3 

1Rubini S, Department of Civil Engineering, M.Kumarasamy College of Engineering, Karur, India.
2Balamurugan P, Department of Civil Engineering, M.Kumarasamy College of Engineering, Karur, India.
3Third Author name, His Department Name, University/ College/ Organization Name, City Name, Country Name.

Manuscript received on 08 March 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 16 March 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 July 2019 | PP: 1561-1564| Volume-8 Issue-2, July 2019 | Retrieval Number: B2241078219/19©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.B2241.078219
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Opuntia and Neem leaf is a natural based bio-coagulation that can be utilized in bio-coagulation process of kitchen used water collected from the college (MKCE). Opuntia (prickly pear) and neem tree leaf (Azadirachta indicia) powder are used as a Bio-coagulant. Jar test was conducted and the treated samples were evaluated for pH, turbidity, hardness. The dosage of the Bio-coagulant utilized in jar apparatus is 0.2 to 1 g/L for both neem leaf and opuntia powder. The dosage for the Bio-coagulant solution utilized is 5 to 25mL/L. When the Bio-coagulant are utilized directly turbidity was reduced to 50%. When Bio-coagulant are partially utilized with alum the efficiency is about 95% for neemleaf powder and 96% for opuntia powder. So the process reduces the consumption of chemical to 50%. Opuntia and neem could be utilized as an effective natural Bio-coagulant since it costs less when compared with chemical coagulant.
Index Terms: Jar Tests Apparatus, Kitchen Used Water, Neem Leaf, Opuntia, pH, Turbidity.

Scope of the Article: Healthcare Informatics