Evaluation of Road Safety for Roundabout and Signalized Intersection
Daya Shankar Pandey1, P.K. Agarwal2
1Daya Shankar Pandey, Phd. Scholar, Department of Civil Engineering, Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal (M.P), India
2Dr. P.K. Agarwal, Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal (M.P), India
Manuscript received on October 06, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on October 25, 2020. | Manuscript published on November 30, 2020. | PP: 18-23 | Volume-9 Issue-4, November 2020. | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijrte.B2108078219 | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.B2108.119420
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Traditional intersections have always caused accidents. There are numerous geometric intersection designs that best fit each situation. This study performed an operational and safety comparison with different intersection like signalized, unsignalized and roundabout to decrease the overall travel delay & collision at intersection and increase the safety using case study. This dissertation describes the application of the traffic conflict technique to estimate, traffic safety at intersections. Using data collected from surveys, traffic frequency and severity standards for signalized and roundabout have been established. The methodologies are developed incorporating the relative importance of different severity of different safety indices at intersection. The relative importance (weights) of very low, low, medium and high severity condition is developed using data collection and expert opinions experience people which have knowledge in development/safety development at intersection were obtained by conducting a survey. A questionnaire was prepared to obtain the relative importance of different severity of different parameter performance. The weights are developed in such a way that their values lie between 0 and 1. In proposed work design safety parameter for intersection for enhancement of safety at intersections and all safety design is implemented on MATLAB and analysis of the geometrical design for vehicle system in the intersection by MATLAB, analyses, the status of confliction and desired value obtained by comparison of actual value with available geometric designs and to enhance the safety at intersection and explores methods to solve the problem of collision at intersections. In this paper evaluate safety parameter of roundabout.
Keywords: Road safety, Roundabout Intersection, Signalized Intersection, Traffic Survey.