Assessing the Impact Index of Urbanization Index on Urban Flood Risk
Rupal K. Waghwala1, P. G. Agnihotri2 

1Rupal K. Waghwala is a PhD Research Scholar at Civil Engineering Department, S V National Institute of Technology, Surat, India.
2Dr. P.G Agnihotri is a Professor at Civil Engineering, S V National Institute of Technology, Surat, India.

Manuscript received on 07 March 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 14 March 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 July 2019 | PP: 509-516 | Volume-8 Issue-2, July 2019 | Retrieval Number: B1571078219/19©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.B1571.078219
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Abstract: The process of urbanization has changed overall Land use/Land cover patterns which are being attributed to flooding and resulting in the economic damages from flooding events. This current study aims to evaluate the implication of spatiotemporal changes of LULC Pattern on the flood risk of Surat city (Gujarat, India), Lower Tapi Basin. The Topographical maps and satellite imagery of Resources-1 of the year 1968 and the year 2006 respectively are used for analyses the urbanization index. As the flood risk is a combination of flood hazard, and vulnerability of the urbanized area, flood losses are expected to rise due to change in each of these aspects. The remote sensing and spatial analysis tools of Geographic Information System (GIS) have been used to statistically examine the flood risk index along with their different land-use scenarios. It has been observed that other than natural processes, rapid urbanization obstructions are being considered as one of the main drivers of flood risk aggravation, and if so, it has made essential for the implementation of flood management approach at the top priority for reducing the risk of flood.
Index Terms: Flood Risk, Flood Management, Land use/Land cover, Urbanization.

Scope of the Article: Simulation Optimization and Risk Management