Allocation of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emission for Japanese Electric Utility Post Kyoto Protocol
Jeff Huang1, Ken Nagasaka2
1Jeff Huang, Department of Electrical and Electronic, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Tokyo. Japan.
2Ken Nagasaka, Department of Electrical and Electronic, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Tokyo Japan.
Manuscript received on 18 June 2012 | Revised Manuscript received on 25 June 2012 | Manuscript published on 30 June 2012 | PP: 121-126 | Volume-1 Issue-2, June 2012 | Retrieval Number: B0229051212/2012©BEIESP
Open Access | Ethics and Policies | Cite | Mendeley | Indexing and Abstracting
© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: In May 2011, the Japanese Government decided not to participate in the new reduction agreement which will take place after the end of Kyoto Protocol. The Japanese Government believes the new reduction agreement is not capable of tackling the global Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emission problem unless all large GHG emitting countries, such U.S and China, participate. Although the Japanese Government has decided not to participate in this new reduction agreement, it still undertook initiatives to set up its new emission reduction targets. From the latest revision of the Strategic Energy Plan in 2010, Japan has committed to reduce its GHG emission level by 25% compared to its 1990 level, conditional on other industrialized countries making similar reduction effort. Although the target has been established, it did not specify the allocation of the GHG emission reduction target to each General Electric Utility (GEUs) in Japan. In this research we began with an analysis of electricity demand forecasting and relate GHG emission of Japanese Electric Utility Post Kyoto Protocol by Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) methodology. Then based on these forecasting results, we allocated the target emission allowance to each Japanese General Electric Utility (GEUs) in 2013-2016 based on two most common allocation approaches, namely the Grandfathering Approach and the Output-based Benchmarking Approach. In the conclusion, we analyzed the trends and necessary actions that the Japanese electric utility need to undertake to achieve its emission target under different allocation approach.
Keywords: Allocation, Benchmarking; Forecasting; Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emission
Scope of the Article: Communication Protocol