Optimisation of Compression Moulding Parameter for NR/EPDM Material
R. Izamshah1, M. Z. Kasman2, M.S. Kasim3, M. Rafiq4, M.S.A. Aziz5
1R. Izamshah*, Advanced Manufacturing Center, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 D. Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia.
2M. Z. Kasman, Royal Malaysian Maritime Police, 98700 Limbang, Sarawak, Malaysia.
3M.S. Kasim, Advanced Manufacturing Center, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 D. Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia.
4M.S.A Aziz, Faculty of Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 D. Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia.
5M. Rafiq, Advanced Manufacturing Center, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 D. Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia.
Manuscript received on April 30, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on May 21, 2020. | Manuscript published on May 30, 2020. | PP: 1705-1710 | Volume-9 Issue-1, May 2020. | Retrieval Number: A2619059120/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.A2619.059120
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Natural Rubber/Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomer (NR/EPDM) elastomeric has gaining popularity in the automotive industry owing to the fact in term of sustainability. With extensive studies and an increasing number of applications for future advancement, the need for an accurate and reliable guide in processing this type of elastomer has increased enormously. The present work deals with the study of compression moulding parameters (i.e. temperature, pressure, heating time and pressure time) and its effects against NR/EPDM elastomeric mechanical properties (i.e. ultimate tensile strength (UTS), cross-link density and eccentricity error) aim on establishing optimized processing parameters setup. The optimizations are achieved through the Response Surface Methodology (RSM) and mathematical model for each response is developed to access the relationship between the parameters. Adequacy of models is analysed statistically using analysis of variance (ANOVA) in the determination of significant input variables and possible interactions. Lastly, multi objectives optimization is performed through numerical optimization and predicted results are validated. Strong agreement between experimental and the selected solution are found in between 93% and 96%, thus validating the solution as an optimal run condition. The findings suggest that temperature and heating time is the main factor affecting ultimate tensile strength, whereas for cross-link density there is only one significant parameter which is temperature. UTS and cross-link density decrease with the increases of the temperature and heating time due to the degradation (temperature too high for NR/EPDM working temperature). Therefore, it is recommended to start the process below the NR/EPDM degradation point to avoid the scissoring rubber take place and subsequently improving the mechanical properties
Keywords: Precision manufacturing, NR/EPDM, Compression moulding, Optimisation.
Scope of the Article: Manufacturing Processes