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Volume-5 Issue-5: Published on November 30, 2016
03
Volume-5 Issue-5: Published on November 30, 2016

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Volume-5 Issue-5, November 2016, ISSN:  2277-3878 (Online)
Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering & Sciences Publication Pvt. Ltd. 

Page No.

1.

Authors:

Archana Singh, K. G. Upadhyay

Paper Title:

Impact of Electricity Trading through Power Exchange of India

Abstract: There is dependency on voluntary agreements for electricity trading in India as well as in various other developed countries. In developed countries, private initiatives are taken to standardize the commodities contracts which play an important role in increasing the trading volume to improve efficiency in overall. For electricity trading, workable spot market is necessary to develop competitive financial contract and so establishment of a viable National Power Exchange under the decentralized trading arrangement concept is formalized to obtain the least impact on existing procedures and practices for the regional system operators and states. In the paper materializing short-term trading in the spot market year wise with power exchange has been elaborated.

Keywords:
Electricity Act2003, Power trading, Herfindahl-Hirschman index, Indian Energy Exchange.


References:

1.       Daniel S. Kirschen and Goran Strbac, 2004,Fundamentals of Power System Economics ,USA, May 2004, Wiley-IEEE Press.
2.       S Stoft, Power system economics: Designing markets for electricity, Wiley Inter-science and IEEE press, 2002.

3.       Wolak F. A., 2004, reforming the Indian electric supply industry, May 2004, available: http://www.stanford.edu/~wolak..

4.       Balachandra P.,2006,Implications of private sector participation in power generation-A case study from India, Energy Policy,vol.34,no.16,november2006,pp.2491-2497.

5.       Upadhyay K.G., .Singh S.N, Chauhan D.S. and Srivastava G.S, 2001, Electricity utility restructuring model for Indian power systems, 5th International Power Engineering Conference (IPEC2001) Singapore, 17-19 May 2001, pp.575-580.

6.       Anoop Singh, 2006,Power sector reform in India: current issues and prospects, Energy Policy ,vol.34,no.16,November 2006.

7.       http://www.iitk.ac.in.ime/anoops.

8.       Bhushan B., 2006, A market design for developing countries, CIGRE Session, No.C5-208, pp.1-8.

9.       Balachandra P., 2006, Implications of private sector participation in power generation –A case study from India, Energy Policy , November 2006,vol.34, no.16, pp.2466-2479.

10.    Srivastava A. and Shahidepour M., 2002, restructuring choices for the Indian power sector, IEEE Power Engineering Review, vol.22, no.11, Nov.2002, pp.25-29.

11.    Singh S.N. and Srivastava S.C., 2004, Electric power industry restructuring in india: present scenario and future prospect, Proc. of IEEE International Conference on Electric Utility Deregulation, Restructuring and Power Technologies (DRPT), April 2004, vol.1, pp.20-23.

12.    http://www.powermin.nic.in.

13.    Sarkar P.K.,2009 “Developing power markets- Developments of market place for meeting the demand –Case India ,in transition from regulated to competitive market.”World energy council.

14.    World Bank, “Governance and Regulation of Power Pools and System Operators, “Technical Paper382.

15.    Shah H.,2000.Electricity in India. Financial Times Energy.

16.    International Energy Agency.2002.Electricity in India, Paris: OECD/IEA.

17.    Staff paper on developing a common platform for electricity trading, CERC, Jul.2006.

18.    United Kingdom power exchange, UK, [Online], Available: http://www.ukpx.com.

19.    Nord pool [Online. Available: http://www.nordpoolspot.com/

20.    California ISO,http://caiso.com.

21.    Powernext, France, [Online].Available:http://www.powernext.fr/

22.    Amsterdam power exchange, Netherlands, [Online], Available: http://www.apx.nl

23.    Wadhwa, S2009.electricity market development: draft CERC regulations. Ingrained Energy Thought Leadership Series, Round table Discussion Delhi.

24.    ”Open Access in Inter-State Transmission”, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission, New Delhi, India, Nov.2003.

25.    Power Trading Corporation of India Limited, http://www.ptcindia.com.

26.    http:// www.cea.in.

27.    P.Bajpai and S.N.Singh ,”An Electric Power Trading Model for Indian Electricity Market,” IEEE PES General Meeting, Canada, June 2006.

28.    Archana Singh, P.K. Kalra, D.S.Chauhan, K.G.Upadhyay, ”Effect of Power Exchange in India: An Overview and Key issues”, Journal of Institution of Engineers (India):Series B,vol.94,issue 3,pp207-214,September-2013.

29.    Indian energy exchange, India [Online], Available: http://www.iexindia.com/

30.    Power exchange India limited, India, [Online], Available: http://www.powerexindia.com/


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2.

Authors:

Madhuri M. Deshpande, Sharad D. Gore

Paper Title:

Chunking Marathi Text using Marathi Grammar Rules and Conceptual Dependency Representation

Abstract: The paper aims at using a rule based chunker to create chunks, such as noun phrase (NP) and verb phrase (VP), for a given Marathi sentence. Chunking is the process that labels segments of a sentence with syntactic constituents such as noun/verb/adjective phrases (NP, VP, AP). Chunking is an important task in Natural Language Processing (NLP).  We have used a modified YASS POS tagger to tag the input Marathi sentence. We have applied Marathi grammar rules, in the form of regular expressions, and used the Conceptual Dependency (CD) theory representation to represent the dependency of words in Marathi sentence, which ultimately would depict the meaning of words in the sentence with respect to the context in which a bag-of-words are used. A rule-based chunker create chunks in Marathi sentence. Conceptual Dependency Theory focuses on concepts and understanding about a concept instead of syntax and structure.

Keywords:
 Chunking, Conceptual Dependency, Dependency Parser, Natural Language Processing.


References:

1.       Abney, S., “Parsing by Chunks.” In Principle-Based Parsing, eds. B. Berwick, S. Abney, and C. Tenny, 257-278. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
2.       Bellaris H. S. K and  Askhedkar L. Y, A Grammar of the Marathi Language, 1868, Obtained in digital format digitized by the Internet Archive in 2007 with funding from Microsoft Corporation.

3.       Bharati, A., Chaitanya V., Sangal R, “Natural Language Processing: A Paninian Perspective.” New Delhi: Prentice-Hall of India, 1995.

4.       Chakrabarti, D., Mandalia H., Priya R., Sarma V. and Bhattacharyya P., “Hindi Compound Verbs and their Automatic Extraction”, In Proc. of Computational Linguistics Conference (COLING), Manchester, UK, 2008.

5.       Chakrabarty, D., Sarma V., Bhattacharyya P., "Complex Predicates in Indian Language Wordnets", Lexical Resources and Evaluation Journal, 40 (3-4), 2007.

6.       Dalal, A., Nagaraj K., Sawant U., Shelke S., “Hindi Part-of-Speech Tagging and Chunking: A Maximum Entropy Approach.” In the Proceedings of the NLPAI Machine Learning Workshop on Part Of Speech and Chunking for Indian Languages. Mumbai, India, 2006.

7.       Deshpande Madhuri, Gore Sharad, "Using Conceptual Dependency Theory to represent Marathi text", International Journal of Computer Technology & Applications, Vol 6 (6), pp. 911-914, 2015.

8.       Elaine Rich, Kevin Knight, Shivashankar Nair. Artificial Intelligence, 2009, Third Edition, Tata-McGraw Hill Education Private Ltd, ISBN 978-0-07-008770-5,  ch. 10.

9.       Gune H., Bapat M., Khapra M., Bhattacharyya P., “Verbs are where all the Action Lies: Experiences of Shallow Parsing of a Morphologically Rich Language”, Computational Linguistics Conference (COLING), Beijing, China, 2010.

10.    Singh, A., Bendre S. M., Sangal R., “HMM Based Chunker for Hindi.” In the Proceedings of International Joint Conference on NLP, 2005.

11.    Singh, S., Gupta K., Shrivastava M. and Bhattacharyya P. (2006). “Morphological Richness Offsets Resource Demand – Experiences in Constructing a POS Tagger for Hindi.” In the Proceedings of the COLING/ACL-2006, 779-786. Sydney, Australia, July.

12.    Smriti Singh, Om P. Damani, Vaijayanthi M. Sarma, "Noun Group and Verb Group Identification for Hindi", COLING, December, 2012.

13.    Steven Lytinen, "Conceptual Dependency and its Descendents.", Computer Math. Applic, 23(2-5): 51-73, 1992. 

14.    R. Schank, "Conceptual dependency: A theory of natural language understanding", Cognitive  Psychology 3, 552-631, 1972.

15.    R. Schank and R. Abelson, Scripts, Plans, Goals, and Understanding, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hilladale, NJ, 1977.

16.    Ray, P. R., Harish V., Basu A., Sarkar S., “Part of Speech Tagging and Local Word Grouping Techniques for Natural Language Parsing in Hindi.” In the Proceedings of (ICON). Mysore, India, 2003.

17.    Ramshaw, L. A., Mitchell, P. M., “Text Chunking Using Transformation-Based Learning.” In the Proceedings of the Third ACL Workshop on Very Large Corpora, 82-94. Cambridge, MA, USA, 1995.

18.    Roger C. Shank, Larry Tesler, "A Conceptual Dependency Parser For Natural Language", International Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING), Sweden, September 1969.

19.    Walimbe M. R., Sugam Marathi Vykarana Lekhan, Nitin Prakashana, Pune. ISBN 81-86169-80-6, 2012.

20.    Wlodek Zadrozny, Karen Jensew, "Semantics of Paragraphs", Computational Linguistics, Volume 17, Number 2 Pg 171-209, 1991.

21.    http://www.tdil-dc.in


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3.

Authors:

Vikram Phulari

Paper Title:

Role of the Internal Audit in ERP Implementation

Abstract:  The aim of this study is to investigate how internal audit can contribute to the successful implementation of projects (ERP Enterprise Resource Planning). ERP projects are well documented for the high dropout rate and the negative impact on the beneficiaries. Although there is little literature on the role of internal audit in ERP implementations, there are many available in ERP implementations risks, challenges and critical success factors associated with these projects complex and strategic document. The results of the literature shows that there is no general agreement on which a number of factors are the key to success in ERP implementations, which in turn puts more emphasis on the ability of management to their agreed requirements differ from company to deliver to company. Internal audit is typically a central function operating within the governance and control system of an organization and is recognized as having expertise in reviewing control which includes ensuring that adequate governance structures are in place and effective risk management processes are activated that can mitigate the problems that occur. According to the evolutionary nature of the internal audit, auditors are constantly increasing their skill levels to enable them to independently review the ERP projects and report issues in time for the action of the management of business. It is the depth of investigation that is part of an internal audit that achieves most of the benefits and this became evident in the most success factors, risks and issues identified by respondents compared to documented items ERP in the related documentation. The interviews of the population of ERP experienced auditors show that the benefits of using them to examine the ERP projects have been positively recognized within their companies. In many cases the audit reviews are now included in the project planning process.

Keywords:
ERP Audit, Risk Assessment, Challenges, System Implementation.


References:

1.    Haider H. Madani, “Re-engineering the Role of the Internal Auditor in ERP Solutions”.
2.    Bae, B. & Ashcroft, P. (2004).Implementation of ERP Systems: Accounting and auditing implications http://www.cwu.edu/~baeb/ERP%20Implementation%20&%20Implications.doc.pd

3.    Ratliff, Richard L.; Wanda A. Wallace; Glenn E. Sumners; William. McFarland; and James K. Loebbecke (1996), “Internal Auditing: Principles and Techniques,” 2nd Ed., The Institute of Internal Auditors.

4.    Debreceny, R. S., Gray, G. L., Ng, J. J., Lee, K. S., & Yau., W. (2005). “Embedded audit modules in enterprise resource planning systems: implementation and functionality. Journal of Information Systems”, 19 (2), 7-27.

5.    Ratliff, Richard L.; Wanda A. Wallace; Glenn E. Sumners; William G. McFarland; and James K. Loebbecke (1996), “Internal Auditing: Principles and Techniques,” 2nd Ed, The Institute of Internal Auditors.

6.    Musaji, Y.F. (2002), “Integrated Auditing of ERP Systems”, New York, NY: Wiley.

7.    Glover, Steven M.; Douglas F. Prawitt; and Marshall B. Romney (1999), “Implementing ERP,” Internal Auditor, Aug., 47-53.

8.    Altinkemer, A., Chaturvedi, A. and Kondareddy, S., 1998, Business process reengineering and organizational performance: an exploration of issues. International Journal of Information Management, 18(6), 381-392.

9.    Davenport, T.H. (July/August 1998): “Putting the Enterprise into the Enterprise System”, Harvard Business Review, vol.76, n.4: 121-133.


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4.

Authors:

Bouchra Gourja, Malika Tridane, Abdelhamid Daoudi, Said Belaaouad

Paper Title:

Crystallochemistry of New Isotypes of Sr3 (PO4)2

Abstract: Several authors have considered the possibilities of substitution within structures B3(XO4)2 of type Sr3(PO4)2. Since substitutions within the phosphate of lead have never been made to our knowledge, we have proposed to do so. This allowed us to synthesize the new solid solutions Pb3-2xKxNdx(PO4)2, the average ionic radius of K + and Nd3+ being close to that of Pb2 +.  The new phases Pb3-2xKxNdx(PO4)2 for x = 0.05; 0.10 and 0.15 are isotypes of β Pb3(PO4)2, those for x = 0.20; 0.25; 0.50 and 0.75 are isotypes of Sr3(PO4)2. Substitution of Pb2 + with K + and Nd3 + results in a slight decrease in volume; Which is consistent with the mean value of the ionic radii of potassium and neodymium which is slightly less than the ionic radius of the lead.

Keywords:
Substitution within structures B3(XO4)2 of type Sr3(PO4)2, synthesize the new solid solutions,Pb3-2xKxNdx(PO4)2.


References:

1.    Parent, P. Bochu, A. Daoudi et G. Le Flem. Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 43 (1982) , p. 190.
2.    K.A. Shuvalov. J. Phys. Soc. Jap.,28 , (1970) p.38.

3.    K. Aizu. Phys. Rev., B2, (1970) p754.

4.    W.H.Zachariasen. Acta Cryst.1, (1948), 293.

5.    G. Le Flem. Thèse de doctorat ès-Sciences, Bordeaux-I, (1967)

6.    H. Schwarz. Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem., 334, (1965) p. 262.

7.    R.F. Hodenberg. Ber.Deutsh.Keram.Ges., 39, (1962) , p. 69.

8.    U. Keppler. Z. Kristallogr., 132, (1970), p. 228.

9.    R.D. Shanonet C. T. Prewitt. ActaCryst., B25, (1969), p. 925.


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